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WALNUT SPRINGS PARK - State College Borough
PLANT SURVEY - 2007

Prepared by Ralph O. Mumma, Ph.D.

Surveyed on the following dates:
            Time   January 4, 2007, 2 hr                          May 9, 2007. 4 hr
                        May 23, 2007, 2 hr                             June 6, 2007, 3 hr
                        June 21, 2007, 3 hr                             July 9, 2007, 3 hr
                        July 24. 2007, 2 hr                              August 10, 2007, 2 hr
                        September 4,2007, 2 hr                      September 21, 2007, 3 hr

Our thanks to Dr. Mumma for his volunteer service to prepare this survey.


TREES
            Common Name                                              Latin Name
                                                            Species                            Family

Ash, White                                         Fraxinus americana               Oleaceae
Birch, River                                        Betula nigra                            Betulaceae
Black Gum (Tupelo, Sourgum)          Nyssa sylvatica                       Cornaceae
Box Elder                                           Acer negundo                         Aceraceae
Black Cherry                                      Prunis serotina                       Rosaceae
Catalpa                                               Catalpa bignonioides             Bignoniaceae
Dogwood, Alternate-leaved               Cornus alternifilia                  Cornaceae
Dogwood, Flowering                          Cornus florida                        Cornaceae
Elm, Slippery                                     Ulmus rubra                           Ulmaceae
Hickory, Shagbark                              Carya ovata                            Juglandaceae
Honey-locust                                      Gleditsia triacanthos              Caesalpiniaceae
Locust, Black                                     Robinia psuedo-acacia           Fabaceae
Maple, Norway                                   Acer platanoides                     Aceraceae
Maple, Red                                         Acer rubrum                           Aceraceae
Mimosa                                              Albizia julibrissin                   Mimosaceae
Oak, Bur (Mossycup Oak)                 Quercus macrocarpa             Fagaceae
Oak, Black                                          Quercus velutina                    Fagaceae
Oak, Red                                             Quercus rubrum                     Fagaceae
Oak, White                                         Quercus alba                          Fagaceae
Plane Tree                                          Platanus x acerifolia              Platanaceae
Redbud                                               Cercis canadensis                   Caesalpiniaceae
Red-cedar, Eastern                             Juniperus virginiana              Cupressaceae
Sassafras                                             Sassafras albidum                  Lauraceae
Sycamore                                            Platanus occidentalis             Platanaceae
Sweetgum                                           Liquidambar styraciflua         Hippocastanaceae
Walnut, Black                                     Jugans nigra                           Juglandaceae
Willow                                                Salix sp                                   Salicaceae


SHRUBS, VINES

            Common Names                                             Latin Name
                                                            Species                          Family

Barberry, Japanese                             Berberis thumbergi                 Berberidaceae
Bittersweet, Asiatic                            Celastrus orbiculatus             Celastraceae
Blackberry, Common                         Rubus allegheniensis              Rosaceae
Black-haw                                          Viburnum prunifilium             Caprifoliacrea
Buttonbush                                         Cephalanthus occidentalis     Rubiaceae
Catbrier                                               Smilax rotundifolia                 Smilacaceae
Elder, Common                                  Sambucus Canadensis            Caprifoliaceae
Grapes, Summer                                 Vitis aestivalis                        Vitaceae
Hawthorn                                            Crataegus sp                          Rosaceae
Honeysuckle, Amur                            Lonicera maackii                    Caprifoliaceae
Honeysuckle                                       Lonicera tatarica complex     Caprifoliaceae
Nannyberry                                         Viburnum lentago                   Caprifoliaceae
Poison Ivy                                          Taxicadendron radicans         Anacardtaceae
Privet                                                  Ligustrum vulgare                  Oleraceae
Raspberry, Black                                Rubus occidentalis                 Rosaceae
Rose, Multiflora                                 Rosa multiflora                       Rosaceae
Russian Olive                                     Elaeagnus angustifolia           Elaeagnaceae
Sumac, Staghorn                                Rhus typhina                           Anacardiaceae
Sweet Autumn Clematis                     Clematis terniflora                 Ranunculaceae
Virginia-creeper                                 Parthenocissus quinquefolia     Vitaceae


HERBS
            Common Name                                              Latin Name
                                                            Species                                 Family

Agrimony                                           Agrimonia striata                   Rosaceae
Anemone, Rue                                    Anemonella thalictroides        Ranunculaceae
Aniseroot                                            Osmorhiza longistylis             Apiaceae
Aster, Calico                                       Aster lateriflorus                    Asteraceae
Aster, Lowrie’s Blue Wood               Symphyotrichum lowrieanum        Asteraceae
Aster, New England                           Aster novae-angliae               Asteraceae
Aster, Rough or Swamp                     Aster radula                            Asteraceae
Aster,Simple (Panicled)                     Aster lanceolatus ssp. simplex    Asteraceae
Avens, Rough                                     Geum lacinistum                     Rosaceae
Avens, White                                      Geum canadense                    Rosaceae
Bedstraw, Rough                                Galium mollugo                      Rubiaceae
Beggar’s-lice, Stickeed                      Hackelia virginiana                Boraginaceae
Bishop’s Goutweed                            Aegopodium podagraria        Apiaceae
Blackberry, Common                         Rubus allegheniensis              Rosaceae
Boneset                                         Eupatorium perfoliatum         Asteraceae
Burdock.Common                              Atctium minus                         Asteraceae
Buttercup, Common                           Ranunculus acris                    Ranunculaceae
Buttercup, Creeping                           Ranunculus repens                 Ranunculaceae
Buttercup, Kidneyleaf                        Ranunculus abortivus             Ranunculaceae
Campion, Bladder                              Silene vulgaris                        Caryophyllaceae
Cat-tail, Common                               Typha latifolia                        Typhaceae
Celandine                                           Chelidonium majus                 Papaperaceae
Chickweed, Common                         Stellaria media                       Caryophyllaceae
Cinquefoil, Dwarf                              Potentilla Canadensis            Rosaceae
Cinquefoil, Rough-Fruited                 Potentilla recta                       Rosaceae
Clearweed                                           Pilea pumila                           Urticaceae
Cleavers                                              Galium asparine                     Rubiaceae
Clover. Red                                        Trifilium pretense                   Fabaceae
Clover, White                                     Trifolium repens                     Fabaceae
Clover, White Sweet                          Trifolium alba                        Fabaceae
Clover, Yellow Sweet                        Trifolium offinalis                   Fabaceae
Comfrey                                             Symphytum offiale                  Boraginaceae
Cransbill, Longstalk                           Geranium columbinum           Geraniaceae
Crown Vetch                                      Coronilla varia                       Fabaceae
Daisy, Ox-Eye                                    Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Asteraceae
Dandelion, Common                          Taraxacum officinale             Asteraceae
Dame’s-rocket                                    Herperis matronalis               Brassiaceae
Day Lily                                             Hemerocallis fulva                 Liliaceae
Dead Nettle, Purple                            Lamium purpureum                Lamiaceae
Deptfoid Pink                                     Dianthus ameria                     Caryophyllaceae
Dock, Broad                                       Rumex obtusifolius                 Polygonaceae
Dock, Curled                                      Rumex crispus                        Polygonaceae
Dogbane, Spreading                           Apocynum androsaemifolium     Apocynaceae
Enchanter’s-nightshade                      Circaea lutetiana                    Onagraceae
Evening-primrose                               Oenothera biennis                  Onagraceae
False Solomon’s Seal                         Smilacina racemosa               Liliaceae
Fleabane, Common                            Erigeron philadelphicus         Asteraceae
Fleabane, Daisy                                  Erigeron annuus                     Asteraceae
Forget-me-not(Blue and White)      Myosotis arvensis                   Boraginaceae  
Garlick Mustard                                 Alliaria officinalis                  Brassiaceae
Geranium, Wild                                  Geranium maculatum             Geraniaeae
Goldenrod, Early                                Solidago juncea                      Asteraceae
Goldenrod, Grass-leaved                    Euthamia graminifolia           Asteraceae
Goldenrod, Tall (Late)                        Solidago altissima                  Asteraceae
Ground Ivy                                         Glechoma hederaceae            Lamiaceae
Hawkweed, Canada                            Hieracium canadense             Asteraceae
Hawkweed, Hairy                               Hieracium gronovii                Asteraceae
Hawkweed, King Devil (Field)          Hieracium caespitosum(pretense)    Asteraceae
Honewort                                            Crytotaenia canadensis          Apiaceae
Indian Tobacco                                   Lobelia inflate                        Campanulaceae
Ironweed, New York                          Vernonia noveboracensis       Asteraceae
Joe-Pye Weed                                     Eupatorium purpureum          Asteraceae
Joe-Pye Weed, Spotted                       Eupatorium maculatum          Asteraceae
Knotweed                                           Polygonum sp.                    Polygonaceae
Lily-of-the-valley                               Convallaria majalis                Liliaceae
Lobelia, Great Blue                            Lobelia siphilitica                   Campanulaceae
Lopseed                                              Phryma leptostachya              Verbenaceae
Mayapple                                            Podophyllum peltatum           Berberidaceae
Milkweed, Swamp                              Asclepias incarnate                Asclepiadaceae
Monkey-flower, Allegheny                Mimulus ringens                     Scrophulariaceae
Mullein, Common                              Verbascum thapsus                 Scrophulariaceae
Mullein, Moth                                    Verbascum blattaria               Scrophulariaceae
Myrtle (Periwinkle)                            Vinca minor                            Apocynaceae
Nightshade, Bittersweet                     Solanum dulcamara               Solanaceae
Onion, Nodding Wild                         Allium cernuum                      Liliaceae
Partridgeberry                                     Michella repens                      Rubiaceae
Queen Anne’s-lace                             Daucus carota                        Apiaceae
Ragweed, Common                            Ambrosia artemisifilia            Asteraceae
Ragweed, Giant                                  Ambrosia trifida                     Asteraceae
Ragwort, Golden                                Senecio aureus                       Asteraceae
Raspberry, Black                                Rubus occidentalis                 Rosaceae
Rue Anemone                                     Anemonella thalictroides        Ranunculaceae
Shepherd’s Purse                                Capsella bursa-pastoris         Brassiaceae
Smartweed, Lady’s Thumb                Polygonum persicaria              Polygonaceae
Smartweed, Pennsylvania                   Polygonum pensylvanicum     Polygonaceae
Sneezeweed, Common                       Helianthus autumnale            Asteraceae
Sorrel, Yellow Wood                         Oxalis europaea                     Oxalidaceae
Spotted Wintergreen                           Chimaphila maculate             Pyrolaceae
St. John’s-wort                                   Hypericum perforatum           Clusiaceae
Strawberry, Wild                                Fragaria virginiana               Rosaceae
Sunflower, Pale-leaved                       Helianthus strumosus             Asteraceae
Sunflower, Rough or Woodland         Helianthus divaricatus                Asteraceae
Sweet Cicely                                      Osmorhiza claytoni                Apiaceae
Teasel, Common                                Dipsacus sylvestris                 Droseraceae
Thimbleweed (Tall Anemone)           Anemone virginiana                   Ranuculaceae
Thistle, Canada                                   Cirsium arvense                     Asteraceae
Thistle, Bull                                        Cirsium vulgare                      Asteraceae
Thistle, Pasture                                   Cirsium pumilium                   Asteraceae
Thyme, Creeping                                Thymus pulegioides                Lamiaceae
Tickseed-sunflower                            Bidens aristosa                       Asteraceae
Tick Trefoil, Pointed-leaved              Desmodium glutinosum               Fabaceae
Touch-me-not                                     Impatiens capensis                 Balsaminaceae
Touch-me-not                                     Impatiens pallido                    Balsaminaceae
Vervain, Blue                                     Verbena hastate                      Verbenaceae
Vervain, White                                   Verbena urticifolia                 Verbenaceae
Violet, Common Blue                        Viola papilionacea                      Violaceae
Violet, Pale                                         Viola striata                            Violaceae
Watercress                                          Nasturtium officinale              Brassiaceae
White-snakeroot                                 Eupatorium rugosum              Asteraceae
Wild Basil                                          Clinopodium vulgare              Lamiaceae
Wild Bergamot                                   Monarda fistulosa                  Lamiaceae
Yellow Rocket (Winter Crest)            Barbarea vulgaris                  Brassiaceae


FERNS
            Common Name                                  Latin Name
Christmas Fern                                   Polystichum acrostichoides    Ferns
Ebony Spleenwort                              Asplenium playneuron            Ferns
Woodfern,Spinulose(Fancy Fern)          Dryopteris carthusiana          Ferns                 

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